Flash Blheli_32 ESCs without a Betaflight flight controller board

I have recently got a great deal for cheap Blheli_32 ESCs and after watching few YouTube reviews I have decided to order them.
There are several brands that are selling the exact same ESCs, you can find them branded as UFOFPV, Furibee, Nidici and HAKRC (there may be some other brands of which I’m not aware). The Furibee have lowest price at the moment

My plan was replace my old FVT LittleBee 30A that are OneShot 125 based and are used on one of my Kissed kwads. This is an old rig and I’m really happy how it flies but I couldn’t bare not trying the Kiss FC in combination with Blheli_32 escs.

Here is a recent video filmed with a Runcam Split on this kwad:

Before installing the escs I have decided to check what firmware are they on aaand for that since this is Kiss FC and there is no pass-trough I needed something based on Betaflight. For that I have an old Naze FC that I use in occasions like this. I have been using it for flashing Blheli_S previously, but in this case it turned out that it is not working for Blheli_32, the developers dropped the pass-trough code in Betaflight 3.2 fo Naze in order to save some space, and the previous versions like 3.1.7 that have the code aren’t connecting because they use older pass-trough protocol so this was a no go.

I wasn’t up to desoldering a F4 board from my working rigs just to use it for flashing so my only other option was to use arduino. I have previously used arduino pro mini for flashing Blheli_S, but it seems that the procedure is a bit different for Blheli_32.

When trying to flash only the Arduino Blheli bootloader I have got an error that the board is not supported yet or a missing file?!@#$ So I went to the second option Arduino 4way-interface and I have chosen the one containing PD3PD2 in the filename. Please note that I’m using

After flashing the firmware the only thing left to do is to connect the esc signal lead to D3 and the ground wire to GND and after connecting the esc if everything is OK the rest of the procedure is similar to the one when using blheli suite with pass-trough from Betaflight.


Using node.js and Xively with Arduino Mini Pro to graph motion sensor data

Before you start reading this article. This is not a tutorial, these are my documented findings while tinkering with Arduino, I have much to learn having in mind that I have been playing with these toys for a couple of days.


Arduino pro mini with sensors

Recently while visiting my good friend Igor Stamatovski, I have told him that I plan to build an air quality measuring device and that I have already ordered several items from Aliexpress. I have also told him that I’m anxious to get them and start building it.
Instead of replaying he got up and started going trough the things in a drawer on his work desk.

When he returned on my surprise he handed me an Arduino pro mini along with a dozen of sensors.
I have had a previous basic experience with Arduino based electronics and I already knew how to upload a sketch with FTDI  because I have previously owned a MultiWii FC and also I had tinkered with a SimpleBGC gimball controller with a broken usb port, but I had no idea on how to connect sensors, get sensor data  etc.

So I thought, let’s start with something basic, like just getting the sensor data from a motion sensor.
That was really easy since there are plenty of sketches that can help you get things going. I have encountered only one problem with the pinouts on the sensor since the writing on the board was covered with the plastic sensor casing. After sorting that out, I have the sensor data readouts in the serial monitor.

Sketch screenshot

Screenshot of the working version in its final phase. Nevermind the code cleanness, this is v0. my only goal was to make this work. You can download the sketch here.

My next thought was, ok, I have the data in the serial monitor, but I have no use of it at the moment, I will need a way to at least have that data readout on a local web server.
Using the Arduino pro without a wifi shield, the only way to get the data is by using the serial port. So I needed something that could access the serial port on my computer, read the data and display it on a webpage. I know that if I had wifi shield the things would have been much easier, but I had to work with the parts that I already had.
After doing a short research on google, I have found that node.js fits the task perfectly.
Now I have a knowledge of JavaScript, but I have never had a chance to play with node.js. Luckily I have found this tutorial. Please note that the GitHub link is not working, The correct one is this.

node.js server displaying the app

By following the tutorial and slight modifications in order to get it working with my sketch, I have managed to get the data displayed on a local web server.  I have also added two buttons on the webpage that will request data and stop the request when we don’t need it, this is acting as an arm/disarm switch for the sensor. This was previously  done automatically on client connect/disconnect.

Next step, graphing the data, displaying when the sensor was triggered.
I was looking for an IOT solution where I could send the data and have a graph and I have decided to go with the personal edition of Xively since there are a lot of people using it already and it was really easy to send the data by using Jquery and the provided JS library.

Xively live data displayed
And finally, each serial event will post data on Xively and the graph will display values varying between one and zero.
If you are interested to try this experiment, feel free to download the source files here.